| Added on 25 Oct, 2017 | Ad ID: 15309
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Mumbai Mumbai, formerly Bombay, city, capital of Maharashtra state, southwestern India. It is the countryï¿½s financial and commercial centre and its principal port on the Arabian Sea.Located on Maharashtraï¿½s coast, Mumbai is Indiaï¿½s most-populous city, and it is one of the largest and most densely populated urban areas in the world. It was built on a site of ancient settlement, and it took its name from the local goddess Mumbaï¿½a form of Parvati, the consort of Shiva, one of the principal deities of Hinduismï¿½whose temple once stood in what is now the southeastern section of the city. It became known as Bombay during the British colonial period, the name possibly an Anglicized corruption of Mumbai or perhaps of Bom Baim (ï¿½Good Harbourï¿½), supposedly a Portuguese name for the locale. The name Mumbai was restored officially in 1995, although Bombay remained in common usage. Mumbai, long the centre of Indiaï¿½s cotton textile industry, subsequently developed a highly diversified manufacturing sector that included an increasingly important information technology (IT) component. In addition, the cityï¿½s commercial and financial institutions are strong and vigorous, and Mumbai serves as the countryï¿½s financial hub. It suffers, however, from some of the perennial problems of many large expanding industrial cities: air and water pollution, widespread areas of substandard housing, and overcrowding. The last problem is exacerbated by the physical limits of the cityï¿½s island location. Area about 239 square miles (619 square km). Pop. (2001) 11,978,450; urban agglom., 16,434,386; (2011) 12,478,447; urban agglom., 18,414,288.
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